Corns and calluses are areas of thickened skin that occur naturally to protect on area on the foot from further stress and irritation. They could develop when something for example footwear puts pressure on the foot continuously or brings about too much pressure against an area of the foot. It is called a callus generally if the thickening of skin occurs on the bottom of the foot. If thickening takes place on the top of the foot or toe it is usually called a corn. Having said that, there is quite a lot of overlap between a corn and a callus. They aren't transmittable but could turn out to be painful if they become too thick. In people with diabetes this may lead to more severe foot problems, so that they ought to be given serious attention.
Corns typically happen when a toe rubs on inside of a shoe or there is a toe deformity. Too much force on the balls of the foot, that is common in women who typically use high heels may cause calluses to develop under the balls of the feet. Those with certain deformities of the foot, such as hammer toes, claw toes, or hallux valgus are prone to corns and calluses. Corns and calluses most often have a rough dull looking appearance. They can be raised or circular and without proper analysis, they are often challenging to distinguish from plantar warts. Should you have a corn or callus which is causing discomfort and pain or interfering with your everyday living then it is almost certainly best if you see a podiatrist. This is certainly even more vital for those who have diabetes or poor blood circulation. The podiatrist should perform a thorough evaluation of the feet as well as your footwear and evaluate the way you walk to figure out why you could have the corns and callus. For moderate corns or calluses they might suggest switching your footwear and make use of padding in your footwear. If they are larger, then your podiatrist might reduce them with a scalpel to cautiously and skilfully shave away the thickened skin. Additional treatments are usually necessary if the corn or callus come back.